Structure of the GDL Framework

Through this process, a novel GDL Framework was developed that recommends the integration of GDL, driver education, license testing and assessment, and in-vehicle technology into a system that represents best practices in young and novice driver programs.

  • Each component of the Framework includes recommendations for best practices based on its level of supporting evidence.
  • There are two levels of research support that can be assigned to each component:
    • strong empirical evidence which is assigned when strong empirical evidence from credible sources has demonstrated that the feature influenced safety performance measures through improved driving behaviour and/or fewer collisions and convictions; or,
    • expert opinion which is applied when expert opinion suggests that the component has a logical basis for consideration, but lacks strong empirical evidence due to limited research or no formal evaluation.